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Refugee-Related Political Violence in Asia and Africa

  • Lucie Konečná,Masaryk University, Faculty of Social Studies, Department of Political Science
  • David Mrva,Masaryk University, Faculty of Social Studies, Department of Political Science
Abstract This work focuses on the analysis of one of the most discussed phenomenon of recent years, the reception of refugees. The authors of this work examine refugee-related political violence, a phenomenon that has not been explored in the last twenty years. The aim is to describe the occurrence...

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Global Maritime Fulcrum: Indonesia’s Middle Power Strategy Between Belt And Road Initiatives (BRI) and Free-Open Indo Pacific (FOIP)

  • Fadhila Inas Pratiwi,Universitas Airlangga, Department of International Relations
  • Irfa Puspitasari,Universitas Airlangga, Department of International Relations
  • Indah Hikmawati ,Universitas Airlangga, Department of International Relations
  • Harvian Bagus,Universitas Airlangga, Department of International Relations
Abstract The purpose of this article is to correlate Indonesia’s global maritime fulcrum (GMF) as Indonesia’s middle power strategy to its response to the two geopolitical strategies of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) of China and the Free and Open Indo-Pacific (FOIP) of the Quad (the United States,...

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Indivisible Security and Collective Security Concepts: Implications for Russia’s Relations with the West

  • Artem Kvartalnov,Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University)
Abstract The indivisible security principle was first set out in the 1975 Helsinki Final Act and since then has been included in numerous international treaties and national strategic documents. However, the concept remains ambiguous and has not received due attention. The collective security concept...

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Revisiting the Causes of Russian Foreign Policy Changes: Western Recognition and Russia's Ontological Security-Seeking

Abstract This paper examines the relationship between international practices of recognition and state quest for ontological security, on the one hand, and Russia's most recent identity makeover as well as increasingly aggressive foreign policy, on the other. I argue that in order to understand Russia's...

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Practical Geopolitics in Cinematic Narratives of Marvel’s The Avengers Film Franchise

Abstract This article implies that cinematic narratives project practical geopolitical discourses by using the example of Marvel Cinematic Universe’s success – The Avengers film franchise. The conceptualisation of imaginary threats in the films that follow the main storyline of the Avengers assembly,...

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Conditions of External Military Interventions in African Internal Conflicts: Complexity of Conflict Intensity, Social Dislocation and Raw Materials

Abstract External interventions are one of the most important aspects of intrastate conflicts since a majority of them are significantly internationalised, especially in Africa where the interventions most often occur. Factors that lead to the military intervention remain, however, puzzling. The authors...

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Towards a New Concept of Constructivist Geopolitics: Bridging Classical and Critical Geopolitics

Abstract ‘In Space We Read Time’. This essay deals with the question to what extent perspectives of classical and critical geopolitical thought are suitable for analysing geopolitical structures of world politics. The following article discusses the potential that opens up a constructivist perspective...

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Expanding European Integration towards the Western Balkans in Times of Crises: A Neo-Functionalist Examination

  • Özer Binici,Metropolitan University Prague, Department of International Relations and European Studies
Abstract This article examines the political practices of the European Union (EU) in the Western Balkans and, in particular, the EU-Kosovo relations by adopting the revisited neo-functionalism approach to the study of EU enlargement. This research draws on the descriptive and explanatory assumptions...

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Trump and the Image of the United States in Latin America

Abstract In our research, we focus on the image of the United States in Latin America. We use mainly data from Latinobarómetro, and we analyse Obama’s last year and Trump’s first year in the presidency in 18 countries in Latin America. We use logistic regression to reach conclusions. We also analyse...

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Just War and Just Battle: The Examination of North Korea’s Attack against the ROKS Cheonan Based on the Just War Principles

  • Kil Joo Ban,Korea Institute for Maritime Strategy, Seoul
Abstract In March 2010, a North Korean submarine fired a torpedo against the South Korean ship Cheonan, which resulted in the deaths of 46 sailors. Is its surprise attack justified? The academic examination has rarely been made over whether North Korea’s use of military force is justified in this battle....

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Pakistan’s ‘Mainstreaming’ Jihadis

  • Vinay Kaura,Department of International Affairs and Security Studies, Sardar Patel University of Police, Security and Criminal Justice, Rajasthan, India
  • Aparna Pande,Hudson Institute’s Initiative on the Future of India and South Asia
Abstract The emergence of the religious right-wing as a formidable political force in Pakistan seems to be an outcome of direct and indirect patronage of the dominant military over the years. Ever since the creation of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan in 1947, the military establishment has formed a...

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Rethinking the Budapest Memorandum from the Perspective of Ukrainian-Russian Relations in the Post-Soviet Period

  • Alina Shymanska,Seoul National University, Department of Political Science and International Relations
Abstract The Declaration of State Sovereignty of Ukraine was adopted in 1990 and declared Ukraine a non-nuclear state. However, Kyiv was not eager to surrender the nuclear arsenal that it had inherited from the Soviet Union. It is possible to divide Ukraine’s denuclearisation process into two different...

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State Building Jihadism: Redefining Gender Hierarchies and “Empowerment”

  • Hamoon Khelghat-Doost,Üsküdar University, Department of Political Science and International Relations
Abstract Since the establishment of the Islamic State of Syria and Iraq (ISIS), there was a surge in women’s incorporation into the organization. Traditionally, nationalist and leftist militant movements utilised women only during periods of mobilization and political struggle. Upon the periods of state...

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Conceptualizing Soft Balancing Beyond Cold War. What’s Changed, What Remains the Same?

  • Mila Larionova,Metropolitan University Prague
Abstract This article is a systematic inquiry into the nature and role of soft balancing in the contemporary theory and practice of international relations. By wading into the contentious debate concerning the place and legitimacy of soft balancing, the article explores the theoretical prominence of...

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Making It Personal? A Comparative Study of Institutional Constraints on Foreign Policy in Russia and China

  • Joel Petersson Ivre,Yonsei University
  • Eugene Lee,Sungkyunkwan University
Abstract By treating militarism and personalism as institutional constraints on foreign policy, this article examines the role and influence of these constraints on the foreign policies of Russia and China. By looking at empirical evidence the authors argue that domestic institutional constraints in...

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The Role of the Qods Force in the Foreign Policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran

  • Ardavan Khoshnood,Lund University
Abstract The establishment of the Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI) in 1979 had a great impact on the question of security in both the region and outside of the Middle East. The foreign policy of the new republic would show hostility and aggression as terrorism became its modus operandi. In order to safeguard...

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Pseudo Neutrality in Intra-State Conflict: Myanmar’s Official Discourse on Rakhine

  • Kenneth Houston,Webster University Thailand
Abstract Although the most recent manifestation of conflict in Rakhine can be traced to the coordinated attack on Myanmar security forces in August 2017 by Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (hereafter ARSA), it goes without saying that the problem has a longer history. For this paper a corpus of official...

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S. P. Huntington’s Civilizations Twenty-Five Years On

  • Jan Slavíček,The Institute of History of the Czech Academy of Sciences
Abstract The study is based on the concept of Huntington's civilizations. They were used as a methodological basis for an analysis of the changes in their geopolitical power between 1995–2020 with the following conclusions: 1) The large population growth of 1995-2020 has been driven primarily by African,...

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Sino-Qatari Relations after the ‘Qatar Blockade’ in the Context of the Regional Implementation of the Belt and Road Initiative

  • Radka Havlová,CEVRO Institute, Prague
Abstract The article examines the development of the relations between China and Qatar since the ‘Qatar blockade’ in June 2017. Both Qatar and China view themselves as strategic partners and their relations are developing on the diplomatic and political level as well as in the field of economy...

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NGOs in Global Governance: Securing Role through Engagement at the United Nations? (Case Study – Global Policy Forum)

  • Jaroslava Bobková,University of Economics, Prague
Abstract What is the role of NGOs at the United Nations, and, by extension, in global governance? With limited possibilities to measure it directly, this article adopts discursive analysis as an innovative approach to the issue. Analysis of three texts by Global Policy Forum represents an important...

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Contemporary Legal Issues of Ensuring Food Security in the Post-Soviet Space (in Terms of Russia)

  • Aleksey Pavlovich Anisimov, Kalmyk State University
  • Nina Vladimirovna Mirina,Department of Entrepreneurship and Consumer Market Development of the Directorate of Economic Development and Investments
  • Anatoliy Jakovlevich Ryzhenkov,Kalmyk State University
Abstract The article deals with theory and practice of ensuring food security in the Russian Federation in the context of the UN recommendations and achievements of legal thought of foreign countries. Food security is considered as a guarantee of sustainable development of agriculture located at...

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Ethno-Religious Identity and Intergroup Relations: The Informal Economic Sector, Igbo Economic Relations, and Security Challenges in Northern Nigeria

  • Nsemba Edward Lenshie,Taraba State University
Abstract Nigeria operates a multidimensional and complex system in which ethnicity and religion have found expression in a competitive environment to exclude other groups. This study aims to examine how ethnicity and religion underlie the hostility and violence in the economic relations between...

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The Impact of Smart City Model on National Security

  • Ehab Khalifa
Abstract Smart cities could help overcome traditional problems of big cities, such as pollution, traffic congestion and administrative corruption. They can stimulate economic productivity, accommodate population growth, and make lives more convenient, but at the same time, they raise many security threats...

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Multiculturalism and Community Building in Urban Europe

  • Mark Kleyman,e Department of Philosophy of Ivanovo State University of Chemistry and Technology
Abstract In the years lasting back to 2015 Europe has been faced with an unprecedented influx of migrants. In most cases they seek refuge from civil wars and dictatorships that devastate many countries across North Africa and the Middle East. As a consequence, migration is becoming an increasingly...

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Thinking of Russia: Finnish Neutrality after the Cold War and the Influence of Russian Neighborhood on Finnish Cooperation with NATO

  • Lucie Zimmermanová,Masaryk University, Brno
  • Zdeněk Kříž,Masaryk University, Brno
  • Eva Doleželová,Masaryk University, Brno
Abstract In recent years, Finland has closely cooperated with NATO and Finnish politicians emphasize that Finland may consider joining the Alliance at any point. However, this step is unlikely in the foreseeable future. Russia’s aggressive actions abroad disconcert Finland; as this article shows,...

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Militarising the Natuna Islands for Indonesia’s Gunboat Diplomacy

  • Arfin Sudirman,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Jeniar Mooy,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • M. Fauzan Maluft,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Rizki Ananda Ramadhan,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung

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Guest's Analysis: The Role of Security Sector and Democracy in Promoting Sustainable Development: Global Challenges and Solutions

  • Mohammad H. Al-khresheh,Academic Excellence Research Centre
The world is on the brink of collapse. Plagued with complex and multi-dimensional problems that threaten its sustainability, it is the task of everyone in the society to save it from this decline which has evidenced itself in many ways including the rising insecurity. Security is important in ensuring...

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Political Perspective of Indonesian Civil-Military Relation in the Reform Era

  • Ratnia Solihah,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Siti Witianti,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Mustabsyirotul Ummah,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Civil-military relations will always be interesting to discuss in the democracy system. It relates to power supremacy in a state. Indonesia Post-Reformation of 1998 finds a turning point for civil-military relations. In the five different leadership periods, discover the differences in the patterns of...

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The Role of Indonesian Airforce in Disaster Management for Assisting with Natural Disaster

  • Suwaji, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Windy Dermawan, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Rizki Ananda Ramadhan, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Geographically, Indonesia has a high degree of possibility regarding natural disasters. As a state internal security keeper, the Indonesian Air Force should be in the front-line in dealing with natural disasters in line with the mandate of Law Number 34 of 2004, which is "protecting the whole nation...

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TNI Intelligence’s Role on Preventing Global Terrorism Threat in Indonesia

  • Munip Suharmono,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Akim,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Arfin Sudirman,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Strategic moves of counterterrorism in Indonesia are seen as moderately comprehensive. The evidence is the involvement of all stakeholder to prevent terrorism, intelligence is one of many elements of counterterrorism that is exposed by public, they believe that intelligence is failed and careless in...

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